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Miguel Ángel Alario y Franco

Closing lecture for the International Year of the Periodic Table. The Periodic table: What it is and what it is good for?

Life and Matter Sciences Conference Tuesday, December 17, 2019, 19:00 hours Madrid

General information:

Venue: Fundación Ramón Areces . 28006. Madrid.

Free admission. Necessary previous online registration. Limited capacity.  

  • Description
  • Programme

The concept of atom, as well as that of element, comes from the Greeks: Empedocles, Democritus and Aristotle, in particular, dealt with the subject and, since ancient times, something like half a dozen of them had been known. As more and more elements were discovered and, likewise, their ability to combine to give diverse chemical species, Chemistry, freed from Alchemy, was generating a body of doctrine that culminates in Dalton, Lavoisier and many other scientists who considered experimentation as their first support.

The idea of ​​the periodicity of the chemical properties of the elements also has several promoters, among which Meyer in particular stands out and, above all, Mendeleyev who, 150 years ago, established a Periodic Table that classified the chemical elements into columns and rows. That is in Groups and Periods of elements based on their atomic weight that, intuitively, reflects the periodicity of all chemical properties of elements and compounds.

After the discovery of the electron (Thomson, 1897) and of the atomic nucleus (Rutherford, 1911) and the development of spectroscopy, in particular of X-rays (Moseley 1913), it was possible to establish that, it is precisely the way in which electrons are arranged in the atoms, the electronic configuration, that is responsible for the periodicity and, in fact, of the chemical behavior of the 118 different atoms that make up the Universe.

The International Year of the Periodic Table, officially declared by the UN, highlights both the tremendous intuition of the scientists who proposed it and the importance it has to explain and even predict the behavior of Matter in Nature.

 

Tuesday, December 17

18:30 h.

Attendee check-in

19:00 h.

Closing lecture for the International Year of the Periodic Table. The Periodic table: What it is and what it is good for?

Miguel Ángel Alario y Franco
Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

 

Miguel Ángel Alario y Franco is Inorganic Chemistry Honorary Emeritus Professor in Complutense University of Madrid. He has mentored twenty-seven doctoral theses, and, among his disciples, there are 14 University Professors. A Member since 1991, and past President, of the Spanish Royal Academy of Sciences, he was Director of the El Escorial Summer School of UCM (1996-8).

Chairman of the "International Symposium on the Reactivity of Solids" (Madrid 1992), Co-Chairman of the "Solid State Chemistry of Inorganic Materials Symposium" of the Materials Research Society of USA, Boston (XII- 2002) and Chair of the "Gordon Research Conference on Solid State Chemistry”, Oxford (2003).

Among the awards he has received, we can mention: Young investigators Award RSEFyQ (1973);  King Jaime I Award  (1991); America  Chair of the Real Instituto de España at UNAM-Mexico (1986). Mexico Prize for Science and Technology (2009). Miguel Catalán Award of Madrid Community (2010). Gold and diamond medal of the Association of Madrid Chemists. He is also a member of the European Academy of Sciences 2018.

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